The following are excerpts of a speech delivered to a group of
Muslim ulema and scholars from 56 different Muslim countries on December
23, 2003 by Imam Ali Khamenei (may his high shadow endure).
Before Ayatollah al-Udhma Khamenei's speech Qazi Hussain Ahmad,
the Ameer of Jamaat-e-Islami Pakistan and Sadiq al-Mahdi, the former
prime minister of Sudan and leader of the Ummah party also spoke.
In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful
I welcome all the participants and dear brothers. I would like to
thank you for having accepted the Islamic Republic of Iran's invitation
to take part in this gathering. You are among your family and brothers.
Iran is the second home of Muslims all over the world.
It was necessary for such a gathering to be held at this time because
today Muslims throughout the world are facing new events, threats and
challenges. When a human being is being threatened, then it is logically
expedient to gather his forces and employ his intellect to take the
suitable and appropriate action in the face of that threat. A lively
nation, such as the Islamic nation, does not sit passively and let
events shape its destiny. Islam encourages and inspires the Islamic
ummah, in respect of all events, to take action, stage uprisings and
gather their thoughts. So, the Islamic world needed today's gathering,
and you have responded to that need. We expect this gathering to be
taken seriously. The issues of the Islamic world and the capabilities of
the Islamic ummah must be reviewed closely; and ways of exploiting those
capabilities must be clarified.
We, as the government of the Islamic Republic, are dependent on
Almighty God, alhamdulillah. We also rely on our noble and vigilant
nation. We are ready to play our part and do our share today as a member
of the Islamic community.
It is true that the Islamic world is facing new threats today. But,
on the other hand, there are new opportunities at our disposal. Such
opportunities did not exist in the past. When one speaks of
opportunities, the people's thoughts are drawn to financial
opportunities. For instance, some people may think that I am talking
about geographical location, historical background or natural resources
under the ground. Some might think that the large population of the
Islamic world is an opportunity. At first they think about such
resources as opportunities. Of course, these are opportunities and there
is no doubt about it. However, we must realize that despite having such
resources in the past, the colonial powers managed to take control of
the Islamic world. Their control of the Islamic world kept us backward
for 150 to 200 years. As a result, Muslim nations were turned into
dependent and backward people. We therefore come to the conclusion that
such resources are not sufficient on their own.
Of course, remaining weak and backward at a juncture of time does not
mean that e weak nation is doomed to a destiny of backwardness. No,
whenever we come to our senses and fulfill the duties that Islam has
prescribed for us, everything will change. And the Islamic world will
begin to make progress in real terms.
In my oppinion, the biggest oppurtunity open to the Islamic world is
Islam itself. We are blessed with Islam; and this is the biggest gift
from Almighty God to us. Almighty God, in the Holy Quran, says that He
gave us Islam as a gift. This is the biggest gift that Almighty God
could give us. Whatever sort of gratitude we wish to demonstrate, we
should do so by observing our Islamic faith. Islam can arm mankind's
heart and can also equip the Muslims through knowledge and unity. This
is the power of Islam and one should not underestimate this power.
Islam's situation today different from what it was 50 years ago
Compared to 50 years ago, the world of Islam is much more lively,
enthusiastic, hopeful and more in line with the expectations of the
youth. There are plenty of hopes and expectations ahead of us. We must
identify these and we must take them seriously.
Muslims of the world are proud of their faith today. There was a time
that the Muslims were not proud of Islam at all. Many Muslim scholars in
the past were proud of avoiding the faith and not observing Islamic
rituals This has changed today, as all over the Islamic world the young
people and scholars are proud of performing Islamic instructions and
their Islamic identity. This is an immense opportunity.
The main rivals of the Islamic ideology, that is, Marxism, Communism
and Socialism, have been eliminated from the arena today. In the past
they were a major challenge confronting Islam. Once upon a time Islam
had to defend itself and confront the godless ideology of Marxism. Today,
those rivals of Islam have been defeated in the face of the realities in
the world. Thanks to their removal. Islam has grown.
Today political Islam has powerfully entered the scene. That is
something quite unprecedented in the world of Islam. Whatever was said
about political Islam before always referred to the first centuries of
Islam. Today political Islam is right at the center of affairs and has
established its own capability and might. lt has shown that it can
resist, construct and prove itself. That is a very great opportunity.
During the past years, some half a century ago and even before that,
those who wanted to dominate Muslims' fates used to promise them western
modernity. They used to say: We will offer you western modernity if you
surrender to us and bow to our culture.
Today when Muslims look at that past, they see that western modernity
has brought the world of Islam dependency and corruption. It has brought
Muslims weaknes for their nations and governments. Generally speaking,
western modernity has not turned Muslims into scientists or innovators,
it has made them subservient. Therefore, today's Muslims are more aware
and alert than the Muslims of the previous generation.
Today liberalism is facing contradictions even in its own birthplace.
The same people who used to chant slogan in defense of freedom are today
resorting to methods which contradict freedom in the birthplaces of
individual freedom and liberalism and at their decision-making centers.
Today the West has no answer to the persecution of Palestinian
children. Today the West has no answer to the occupation of Iraq and
Afghanistan and cannot defend itself in the face of horrendous killings
in Afghanistan and Iraq. The West does not have an answer to, and cannot
defend itself against the religious government of the people and the
nations who voted for Islam were confronted by the Americans.
Today the West does not have any kind of answer to the insult against
women's dignity. Today in the Western world, the birthplace of freedom
and democracy women's dignity has been lost. Sexual corruption is
reaching extreme levels and families are on the verge of destruction.
Statistics on the destruction of the foundations of family life in
Western countries are outrageous and shocking. These are issues by which
the West, through the slogan of liberalism, was trying to convince the
world, but, today they have proved to be contradictions in liberalism
Today America and the arrogante are acting in a reactive manner
towards Islam. You can see that America today, after dozens of years of
clearly defending dictators and bringing them to power, is chanting the
slogan of democracy for this region. Who does not know that the
supporter of dictators and tyrants of this region was America itself?
Today everyone has realized that it was America itself which supported
Saddam. The green light given to Saddam to attack Iran and begin an
eight-year war was given by the Americans.
Saddam had been nurtured by the Americans They were the ones who
empowered him. They provided him with chemical weapons. They were the
ones who were silent towards the massacre of Iragi people in Halabjah
and mang of our young people
In our country, we still have many young people who have been
affected by the blight of chemical weapons Every few weeks we hear the
news of the death of one of these pious, mujahid and faithful people who
were injured in Saddam's chemical attacks and are now dying
The West was silent when these events took place. Today it is the
saure West which is chanting the Slogan of democracy in this region This
shows their reactive response to the religious and Islamit government of
The religious government of the people means the votes of the people,
accompanied with religious logic, with the respect, which religion has
reserved for the vote of the people. Religion provides dignity for
people. Religion obliges governments to have serious responsibility
towards people. Religion does not accept dictatorship from any ruler
under any circumstances. This is our Islam. This is religious government
of the people. Religious government of the people is based an a strong
and clear logic with conditions that Islam has set for the rules in
every society. Today this has been presented to the world, it has been
practiced in reality, it is not only written in books. In the last 25
years we have had 24 elections in the Islamic Republic, people have come
to ballot boxes and voted and safeguarded the System. This is a
manifestation of the religious government of the people ;America is
reacting to this and today is talking about the government of the
The enemies of Islam, led by the Zionists and America, do not want
the true Islam to show its face. They want to restrict Islam to two
forms. One is the backward form, similar to what has been seen in the
Islam of the Taleban - empty of logic, full of strong fanaticism and
void of ration, knowledge and wisdom - so that everyone hates Islam. Or
they want a form of Islam which has completely lost its own identity to
the West. The eclectic Islam which would accept whatever the West wants
and propagates Western culture under the banner of Islam and has nothing
to say for itself.
Those are the two forms which the enemies of Islam wish to have. But,
they do not want the Islam which enters the scene seriously and seeks
dignity, glory, power, justice, the government of the people and
scientific progress for the Islamit community, the form of Islam which
Today the enemies of Islam, led by America and Zionism, know that a
massive force is concentrated inside the Islamit ummah. They are scared
of this and, therefore, their fight against the Islamit world is not
targeted by naming Islam directly. That is, they are fighting Islam by
giving other names to their adversary. For instance, they expand the
meaning of terrorism so as to crush liberating movements. They intend to
crush the Palestinian fighters, who are the most courageous combatants
of Islam's path, by naming them as terrorists. They intend to remove
from the arena the young warriors of Lebanon, Iraq, Afghanistan and
every other region of the Islamic world, who confront colonial motives
and intervention of foreign forces. Their excuse to fight the Islarnic
world is either to fight weapons of mass destruction, human rights or
spread of democracy. Global arrogance is raising such excuses today,
because it is frightened of confronting Islam as an adversary.
It is true that the Islamic world is facing new threats today. But
the Islamic world has new opportunities too. Today, large numbers of
Muslim youths all over the Islamic world are turning away from the
West's lechery and colorful temptations so as to observe faith in their
hearts and obedience to God in their deeds. There are many such young
people in Iran and other regions of the world. We know about this and
news reach us. There are many such young people in both eastern and
western regions of the Islamic world.
Today, many scholars speak or write in support of Islam. Some exhibit
their arts in Islam's name. These are the opportunities of the Islamic
world. Today, the Islamic world has realized its rnight to a large
extent. It knows that it can be powerful. We have this opportunity at
our disposal. The threat may be big, but so is the opportunity. It is up
to us to endeavor.
There is a narrative attributed to the noble prophet of Islam which
says "Muslims resemble a sturdy plant which may be flattened by the
gale force wind of events, but they rise again as soon as the slightest
opportunity arises". The Holy Quran says the same thing, that is a
Muslim resernbles a tough tree whose roots are stable and whose branches
spread into the sky. It is up to us to make sure that this tree bears
fruit. This is possible.
We in Iran, in the Islamic Republic, have concentrated all our
efforts to strengthen the foundations of the following principles. We
shall not abandon government of the poeple which has been extracted from
Islam. It is an Islamic instruction. Islam, in some of its instructions,
has clarified giving bai'ah to the rulers. We accept this wholeheartedly.
This is an Islamic instruction and we have not gotten it from the West.
We remain committed to this principle.
The next principle is that we shall stand firm against the
infiltration and interference by foreign powers. We have no problem in
exchanging science, knowledge and experience with the rest of the world.
We can engage in transaction of material and spiritual commodities, but
we shall not submit to foreign infiltration, interference and domination
under any circumstances. Our enernies, the serious opponents of the
Islamic Iran, are not very happy with this matter. We have demonstrated
that we remain committed to this issue and we have the capability to do
so. We believe that the entire Islamic World can do so.
The next principle is promotion of justice. This is the most
dernanding task facing us. It is very difficult to implement social
justice in society. We intend to promote justice and we have taken some
steps in this direction. However, a huge gap remains before meeting
Islam's expectations from us. There is a need for endeavor. We must
concentrate our efforts an this issue, Insha Allah.
The next principle is that we believe in the progress of science. We
have advanced a great deal in pursuit of this principle. We believe that
the Islamic world in view of its historical record of cultural and
scientific achievernents, can take bigger steps in the arena of science
and knowledge. The Islamic world was kept backward deliberately. We have
recomrnended that our young people and scholars must be innovative in
the field of science.
We believe that the danger of division poses the biggest threat in
the Islamic world. We have become distant from each other. We have not
joined our hands in unity. As a result, the enemy coveted our resources.
This is what happens when we are not united. Our proposal to the Islamic
world and to all governments of Muslims is to unite and come closer. We
must abandon our differences. Some of the differences and disagreements
can be resolved. We must resolve such disagreements. Other disagreements
may not be soluble in the short term, they should therefore be
overlooked. This is precisely the point which undermines the interests
of the Zionists and Americans. They have therefore concentrated all
their efforts against this point.
Tribal differences, religious and clan disputes, political disputes
and differences in opinion are all acts of provocation by the enemies.
The grounds for those differences existed among us already, but we were
neglectful and did not remove those grounds. They exploited this
oversight of the Islamic urnmah and intensified the differences. They
turned us against one another. And how we have wasted our spiritual and
material resources an various tribal, civil, religious and clan disputes
and wars. We believe that this issue must be pursued in earnest
I believe that today in the Islamic world, the enemies of Islam and
the Islamic ummah are using two main weapons: one is the weapon of
intimidation, and the other bribes. Sometimes they intimidate
governments and intellectuals, elite and individuals, and sometimes they
corrupt them with bribes. Both these are networks of Satan. We should
not fear their intimidation. 'Those to whom the people said. Surely men
have gathered against you, therefore fear them, but this increased their
faith, and they said Allah is sufficient for us and most excellent is
the Protector. So they returned with favor from Allah and (His) grace.
no evil touched them and they followed the pleasure of Allah: and Allah
is the Lord of mighty grace.' (The Holy Quran. 3 173-174).
We must not fear the enemies' intimidation. Nor should we be tempted
by their bribes. Nothing good comes from the enemies, and their bribes
are nothing but a trap. This applies to individuals as well as states
and governments. This applies to the elite and every individual in
society. We must make this our motto. We must not hope for their bribes,
nor should we fear their intimidation. We are powerful. "And be not
irrfirm and be not grieving, and you shall have the upper hand if you
are believers " (The Holy Quran. 3:139).
What I would like to point out at the end of my talk is that we
should try and find solutions at this seminar and gathering. You are the
elite of the Islamic world. Everyone of you, and every thought you have
could spearhead a development or an action in a section of the massive
Islamic community and Ummah.
And when these thoughts come together they can open many avenues to
us. We must recognize the enemy. Recognizing the enemy is one of our
most important tasks. Today, the biggest enemy of the Islamic world is
America and Zionism. America and the Zionists are the worst, the most
evil and dangerous of all devils, and they are completely - very openly
- united. They have never been as friendly and united as they are today.
They are the chief enemies. They are that big idol which must be broken.
We must recognize these big enemies. We must expose them to the people.
We must expose them to every individual. We must expose them to the
elite in Islamic communities. We must not make errors in our recognition
of the enemy.
Some neglect the chief and real enemies, and instead deem some
secondary ones as enemies. This is a big mistake. This could exhaust the
dynamism of Islam for many years. Alhamdulillah, we have not made any
mistakes in identifying our enemy, nor will we ever rnake a mistake.
Many small and big hostile acts are perpetrated against us. But we never
mistake these hostilities for the rnain and real enemy. We disregard all
other hostilities, and do not take any notice of them. The real enemy is
America and Zionism.
We must recognize hostilities, and the methods used in these
hostilities in a bid to recognize how the enemy infiltrates and takes
I would say my last point through this ayah of the Holy Quran: "Say:
I exhort you only to one thing, at rise up for Allah's sake in twos and
singly." (34:46). This is out most important duty.
Once again I welcome you and thank you for coming. I thank Allah for
giving me this opportunity to meet with you in this brotherly
Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon you.
Imam Khamenei's Khutbah of Eid al-Fitr Prayer
In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate. . . .
The Islamic revolution brought the hearts of the people close to the Almighty,
and it put people's life and spirit in the service of the struggle for a better
life. As the result of the revolution the Iranian nation began to walk on the
path of liberation. With God's grace, it has achieved many great things on this
path. The Iranian nation should continue with this path. This is the path of
closeness to God, and material and spiritual presence in the struggle for
building a future. Unity of word is the secret of success for the Iranian nation.
This secret of success has to be kept. The secret of success in the larger
circle of Islamic nation is also the unity of word. If the Islamic nation wants
to move forward on the path of the sciences, progress, material growth, control
over fate, liberation from the rule of foreigners, as well as spiritual and
material happiness, it has to resort to the unity of word and the word of unity.
The very people who have used every available means to consolidate their power
around the world, i.e. the centers of the arrogant power, have also tried to use
every available means to create division and disagreement in the Islamic world.
Unfortunately they have been successful to some extent. Division among Muslims
If the Palestinians are plagued with such a grim fate, drenched in blood and
their pains have pierced deep into the soul of conscientious people, it is
because of the divisions among the Muslims. Their fate would have been different
if there was unity among the Muslims. If the Islamic Iraq has been trampled
under the boots of the occupiers, it is because of the division among the
Muslims. If the Middle Eastern countries have been blatantly threatened by the
arrogant rhetoric of America, it is because of the division among the Muslims.
Only through unity the Muslims would be able to rescue themselves from the yoke
of such humiliation; liberate Palestine; defeat the enemy in Afghanistan and
Iraq and stop the enemy from exerting pressure on the Muslims. What I mean is
unity among countries and nations. The Eid al-Fitr symbolizes unity and
solidarity. Unfortunately there are people in the world of Islam who are
prepared to commit any wrong act in order to please the arrogant powers and
America. They try to create division among Shi'i and Suunis. I can see those
hands who calculatingly and deliberately are trying to create a rift among Shi'i
and Sunnis in some of our neighboring countries. They try to create a rift
between various tribes, religious groups and political movements - trying to
fish in muddy waters. Their efforts aimed at securing their illegitimate
interests in the Islamic countries. We must remain vigilant. Iraqis must write
their own constitution Nations, governments, political tendencies, intellectuals
and the elite should be vigilant. You should not allow the enemy to create
divisions for any reason. In Iraq too, they want to promote ethnic and religious
discord. It is the same with certain other countries. Muslims have a duty to act
vigilantly in the face of the enemy plots. The situation in Iraq today is a very
bitter for the Islamic world. Iraq is a single and united country. The arrogant
powers are planning to dismember the country. They know that this is not
possible in a single stroke. They want to do it gradually. The people of Iraq,
Muslim governments and Muslim nations should be vigilant. The dismemberment of
Iraq is a danger for both that country and for the region. Iraq belongs to the
people of Iraq. The fate of the country must be determined by its own people.
The constitution of Iraq must be written by the Iraqis themselves. A
constitution which has its plan and structure written in Washington is not good
for Iraq. They, the occupiers, should realize that if it is otherwise, if they
don't leave the work to the Iraqi people, then the people of Iraq won't let them
off. The people of Iraq will not surrender to them. Palestinians are resisting
They want to behave in the Middle East region as they do in Palestine. In
Palestine today the Zionists and the Americans have reached a dead-end. There is
no way out but to accept the legitimate demands of the Palestinian people and
the Palestinian nation. The Palestinian nation is an innocent nation but it is a
very brave nation at the same time. It is only right that we call them the brave
Palestinian people. This nation is resisting the occupation innocently, with
empty hands and on its own. It has crippled the materialist powers of the world
who have so many instruments of suppression and death under their control. They
should know that if they behave arrogantly and with a Zionist frame of mind in
any region of the Islamic world and the Middle East, such as Palestine, they
will only bring out the people on to the scene. The Islamic nation has woken up
and the Islamic world is now aware. In the past 25 years, our dear nation has
proven that it is attached to its revolution, its Islam, its system, its
officials. The nation is loyal to its hard-won independence. We have not
achieved our independence easily. We have not achieved this religious democracy
easily. Our nation has struggled on this path. Many pure lives have been
sacrificed on this path. Our nation has experienced many difficulties. Is our
nation going to lose these things easily? Faith in the Almighty and trust in the
divine promise makes us steadfast against enemy plots. The divine promise is
this: Those who help God's religion, those who use their strength for the sake
of liberation and well being, as decreed by God, they will not be abandoned by
the Almighty; they will be victorious. Our experience has proved this. I pray
that on this auspicious festivity and because of this blessed Ramadhan, the
Almighty will bless our dear nation and the great Islamic ummah.
Second Khutbah of Eid al-Fitr Prayer
In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate. . . .
What I have to say in the first instance in the second khutbah is that, on
Quds Day, our nation once again displayed to the world the splendor of faith.
Quds Day is not confined to Iran. It is the day of the Muslim world displayed
their presence in defense of their Palestinian brothers. They put on display the
general will of Muslims to confront America and Israel's ploys in wronged and
bloodied Palestine. But our nation has been in the vanguard in this respect and,
this year, it showed clearly this vanguard nature, this grandeur of the national
will in Iran. This year, on Quds Day, our nation turned all its cries into a
single cry in defense of the oppressed and combatant nation of Palestine; a
single cry in condemning and expressing revulsion of America and Israel and the
Zionists who, despite all their false claims about human rights and democracy,
commit the most evil injustices against a wronged nation. On Palestinian
resistance As a humble servant I wish to thank all of our dear nation. They have
made Iran and the Islamic Republic proud in the world. The nation has shown its
presence, awareness and will power wherever there is a need for the nation to be
present. The problem of Palestine is still on top of the problems of the world
of Islam. Lets look at the people of Palestine and the brutal occupiers who have
occupied Palestine. The nation of Palestine is living in hardship. Their houses
are being demolished. Their farmlands and orchards are being ruined. Their
youths are being deprived of the opportunity to work. Their efficient men are
being imprisoned. Their people are being massacred. Even their small children
are being oppressed. What they are doing to the nation of Palestine is
unprecedented in the history of nations. At the same time, this besieged,
helpless and oppressed nation is powerfully defending itself against the
occupiers. The nation of Palestine defends itself powerfully and resists against
the oppressors thanks to the name and flag of Islam in Palestine. US, Israel
condemned to defeat We salute the Palestinian nation. From this splendid prayer
in Tehran, from the heart of Tehran and from the entire Iranian nation, we greet
the Palestinian nation, their youngsters, their adolescents, their women, their
mothers, their brave and pious hearts, we greet them and salute them. They are
standing - with their lives, their bodies, their loved ones, their entire
existence - in the front-line of the world of Islam in this region against
enemies, against aggressors. As for the occupiers, the usurping Zionists and
their backers - that is to say, the aggressor American administration - if a
person reviews the problems of Palestine it becomes clearer to them that the
Americans and the Zionists have been placed in a total impasse in Palestine.
They can neither move forward nor move backward. They are condemned to defeat.
The adolescent Palestinian generation has awakened. It has realized that the way
to salvation from the clutches of the occupier enemy is nothing but struggle. It
has realized that attending international conferences, in accordance with the
wishes of the occupiers and their backers, talking, is not the way to rescue
Palestine. It has realized that it must stand firm, it must work hard and it
must make sacrifices in order to attain the goal. The Palestinian nation has
realized and understood this to the very depths of its being. And, therefore, it
is resisting. When this sentiment arises from a religious origin and from belief
in monotheism - and, Alhamdulillah - this is the case in Palestine today, this
spring will never dry up. And we hope that Exalted God will bring ever nearer
the day of the victory of the Palestinians. The other issue in the world of
Islam is the issue of Iraq. The Americans entered Iraq in the name of democracy
and human rights. They entered Iraq in the name of combating nuclear weapons and
weapons of mass destruction, chemical and biological weapons. They said: We want
to give freedom to the Iraqi nation. But, today, they have put the Iraqi nation
under such a tight grip that the Iraqi nation has no choice but to punch their
faces and it is doing so. Their presence has been so degrading for the Iraqi
nation that the Iraqi nation has not tolerated them. Let the American nation
know that their government has dragged them into a swamp in Iraq and the longer
they stay, they more they will sink. See what the Americans have come to in Iraq,
they have to bomb occupied Baghdad; to subject occupied Baghdad to missile
attacks from the sea, from its warships. They have fired missiles from the sea
to a Baghdad that is under their own occupation. This is an indication of
America's incapacity to run Iraq. The longer they stay, the worse it will become.
This region does not tolerate occupation. They say we want to turn the Middle
East into a region of democracy. This is a shameless lie. They are opposed to
democracy. They know that if they turn to the people's votes in Iraq at this
very moment, the decisive majority of the people will take a decision, will take
the step, will elect those people who would not allow the Americans to stay in
Iraq for a single day. (Crowd chants Allahu Akbar). On US hegemony Wherever
there may be popular elections in the Islamic world the outcome will be what the
Americans fear. The outcome will be the coming to power of those who with all
their being consider the Americans to be their enemy. Such will be the outcome
today wherever any elections take place in the Islamic world. There is no
difference. They want to do something to ensure there are no popular elections
in Iraq. They must understand that any imposed conditions, any imposed laws and
any imposed establishments in Iraq will result in the resistance of the Iraqi
people. Even if the American president earmarks 4,000bn dollars instead of 400bn
dollars in his budget he will not be able to subjugate the Middle East nations,
the Muslim nations. (Crowd chant Allahu Akbar). No-one accepts the claims of
democracy and human rights from the American government, which, under the banner
of championing democracy, has perpetrated such atrocities in the world against
democracies and popular rules - the American government which masterminded the
28 Mordad (19 August 1953) coup d'etat in Iran; the American government which
masterminded the coup d'etat in Chile against that country's legal government,
the American government which masterminded dozens of coups d'etat in Latin
America, Africa and other regions against national governments; the American
government which for many consecutive years supported dictators such as Mohammad
Reza Pahlavi in Iran and the American government, which even today, accepts any
dictator - which may even be more evil - as long as he surrenders to it. . .
Peace and blessings be upon you.
End the Occupation of Iraq
In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.
The following is a translation of the second khutbah of the Friday Prayer led
by Ayatollah al-Udhma Sayyed Ali Hussaini Khamenei, the Leader of the Islamic
Revolution, on 19 Ramadan 1424 [14 November 2003]
Excerpts for the second khutbah [translated from Farsi].
In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.
. . . Today, the most important thing which the Islamic Republic system is
doing is that it is calling for justice. Today, we call for justice to be served.
All attempts and endeavors are being made for justice to be served in society.
This is because if justice is served, then the people's rights and freedom will
also be secure. Justice is the axis of everything.
Today, the Islamic system is confronted by the arrogant system of the West,
headed by America, and which is confronting justice. They want to fight justice.
Today, if justice were to be served, the gang-leaders of global arrogance would
be the first degree culprits to face the whip of justice. They cannot talk about
and pursue justice. As a result, they mention democracy and human rights in
order to counter the value of and undermine justice in the world. They say that
they value democracy. However, they do not place any value on democracy. They
propose democracy in order to undermine justice.
On significance of justice
What we, the officials of the Islamic republic, need to know is that justice
is paramount. The world yearns for the coming of the Imam Mahdi, may Allah
hasten his advent. His coming mainly symbolizes the establishment of Justice.
His coming, first and foremost, will bring justice to the world. Everything else
will then follow.
All through history, the oppressed people have always yearned for justice.
Our system today obligates us to pursue justice. This is our goal and slogan. We
must choose the right path. Pursuing justice entails certain problems and costs.
To tread on this path, we will certainly make enemies.
In a letter to his military commander Malek Ashtar, Imam Ali (AS) advises him
to listen to the ordinary people. Well, such action would naturally make the
privileged class unhappy. This should be our slogan and ethical yard stick. Our
plans, policies and actions should be based on this principle.
However, it is easy to speak about justice but difficult to achieve it. We
need to devise long term plans. We must base our future plans on justice. All
our plans should bring us closer to the establishment of justice. This is our
duty. This is the lesson taught by Imam Ali (AS).
My first point in the second sermon is to advise piety. This speaker, more
than you, is in need of piety and advise. I pray that the Almighty will bless us
all with piety and the straight path.
One of the subjects of my second sermon is the 20-year perspective of the
Islamic republic; policy making and planning. The plan has been prepared and
announced. Our dear people should know that the 20-year perspective, which has
been sent to policy makers and planners is practical, realistic and rational.
You shouldn't think that the words used repeatedly in the 20-year perspective
are just a dream or unpractical. With God's blessing the Iranian nation and our
dear country can achieve this perspective in 20 years.
This is a befitting future, a big step towards the lofty ideals of the Islam.
There is material progress in the plan. There is economic progress in it. There
is cultural progress in it. There is spiritual and moral progress in it. There
is Islamic identity in it. This is the clear future perspective that the system
of the Islamic republic can plan as the result of the hard work that has been
carried out in the past years.
This is progress in itself that the Islamic republic is able to plan a
20-year future perspective rationally and calculatedly and in view of the
realities of the country and the world. With the blessing of God, this future
will be realized. We are determined to realize this with the help of sympathetic
officials. Insha Allah, this will be realized.
On Iranian youth
The groundwork for the country's future was laid down by the previous
administrations. This gave the officials the courage to draft the 20-year plan.
The works done by the previous governments, especially in the past 10 and 12
years, have moved the country to the point where it can now build a desirable
edifice on this foundation.
By laying the groundwork we do not mean only the tangible achievements such
as dams, roads and factories but more importantly the blossoming of the
country's hidden and potential talents - Namely the Iranian youths and their
educational and scientific endeavors. Their achievements show that this nation
has made great progress in the fields of science and technology. The self
confidence which is visible in our scientific and research circles is a precious
commodity. We should neither underestimate it nor should we lose it.
We can cite many examples of such accomplishments. However, the enemies of
the Islamic system and the propaganda apparatus of the arrogant Zionist regime
would like to turn everything into a defense issue. But this is not true. The
Islamic Republic, our researchers and our talented young people have made great
progress in numerous non-defense related fields. We can witness the fruits of
their efforts. Media has reported on these achievements and our people are aware
of their accomplishments. These are valuable groundwork.
Our religious and faithful youths play a pivotal role in the country's
scientific development. We must be aware of this fact. The enemies' propaganda
tries to convince the world that the religious people are lagging behind in the
scientific arena. This is not true. In fact, our religious and talented young
people spearhead some of these scientific movements. They have distinguished
themselves in various fields. Our youths have made great and precious
achievements in various fields.
US has supported dictators since World War II
My second point is this: The remarks made by the officials of the arrogant
American government indicate that they have certain plans and objectives in the
Middle East against the nations of the region. It is therefore imperative that
the nations of the region wake up. The president of America has made certain
remarks about democracy and the existence of democracy in the region. People in
our part of the world who know about how America has defended tyrannies for the
past 40 or 50 years, since World War II, can only feel shame when they hear the
president of this regime claim support for democracy today. Why should such
wrong and senseless remarks be made with insolence and without shame?
These are the very people who have supported most ruthless dictators for
years. In our country the Americans implemented the 28 Mordad (19 August 1953)
coup. They fully supported a most difficult and bleak dictatorship in our
country for 25 years. In every tragedy committed by that regime in Iran, such as
15 Khordad (5 June 1963 unrest) or 17 Shahrivar (8 September 1978 unrest) in
which a large number of civilians, ordinary people, were killed by the regime's
mercenaries, they took the side of the dictator and spoke against the people.
The first case was at the time of (President John F.) Kennedy and the second
case was at the time of (President Jimmy) Carter. They supported this very
Saddam Hussain who today they say they are opposing. Their situation is no
different today. They are the same people.
On misuse of democracy
Today in Iraq, which is a an independent country with a population of 25-30m
and is situated in a sensitive region, they have appointed a foreign American
governor in that country. They have ignored the will and demands of the Iraqi
people. They have murdered hundreds of people at once in Iraq and Afghanistan
solely because of their suspicions. They haven't even apologized for all this.
In Afghanistan, they killed people who participated in a wedding ceremony. Then
they said it was a mistake. They didn't even think it was necessary to apologize.
In Iraq, they have daily clashes with the people and destroy the peoples'
homes, which is their safe place. They don't even apologize. How can those who
ignore human rights, the rights of nations and the people's vote, dare to name
themselves as the guardians of democracy. [The masses chant "Death to
Presently, they have categorized this region. They have indicated which
country is democratic and which one isn't. This itself demonstrates their ill
intentions and shows that they are faced with a scandal. They don't believe in
The present American administration and president came to power on an order
by a judge and with less than 25 per cent of the people's vote. What kind of
democracy is this? They ignore and don't even bother about the people's vote.
As I said, democracy is used as a deception to strangle the world nations'
calls for justice. This is so they can secretly trample on the Palestinian
people's rights. It is so they can occupy the oil-rich and geographically
sensitive regions which serve America's illegitimate interests without facing
any opposition. This is how the issue of democracy is used.
On US' Middle East policies
Everyone in the world knows the meaning of such rhetoric. Therefore, there is
no need to dignify it with a response and I do not intent to offer one. Instead,
I would like to address our own people and officials.
Beware of the policies that America is pursuing and the role it is trying to
play in the region and in our country. Although, it utters tough words and
assumes a proud posture, it has clearly been humiliated by the Iraqi and Afghan
people. This is a fact. America is humiliated everyday by Iraqis.
Under the guise of liberating the Iraqis, it invaded that country and created
the current depressing and dreadful situation. It replaced a native dictator
with a foreign one. It would, if it could, suffocate the voices of the Iraqi
people in the same way Saddam did. And it has done its best to do so. The
American military forces cannot afford to confront the Iraqis more that they
The important issue for our people is to know that while projecting an
outward aggressive image, America has realized the ineffectiveness of its
previous plans for the region - organized around military campaigns. Afghanistan
and Iraq experience has shown that nothing can be achieved in the region through
military campaigns. Such actions will cause numerous problems, especially if the
opponent is a country such as our great Iran with its brave and religious
people. This is a country with great cultural depth, enthusiastic religious
sentiments and a government elected by the people's votes.
America will have a difficult time. It used to threaten us with a military
attack. But now it has disregarded that plan, admitting that it was a mistake.
US promoting division inside Iran
The plan now is be to transform the Iranian people from within. This is their
plan. Transformation has two aspects. A cultural one and a political one. The
Iranian nation should be vigilant. The objective of the enemy - i.e. America's
arrogant system and the Zionists who work hand in hand with them in a single
front - is as follows. They want to be able to make our nation indifferent and
apathetic towards its ideals, beliefs and objectives so that they will be able
to send in their own mercenaries and elements and prepare the ground for the
re-establishment of an American rule over Iran. This is their plan. [The masses
chant "Death to America"].
Their main plan in the political domain is to create divisions. They want
various factions, all of which have risen from the revolution and are affiliated
to it, to smash each other. This faction smashing that one, that faction
smashing this one.
These are the main objectives of the American plan for the region. They want
to create unreal challenges and a climate on tension in the country. They want
to promote debates and arguments about the definite principles of the system of
the Islamic Republic, about the constitution, about religion, and about the
Islamic foundations of the system. They want to create challenges. They want to
These are the political and intellectual issues which they pursue. Of course,
there are certain people who are ready to act as their loudspeaker and they are
being utilized. Recently they said that they should strengthen the Iranian
newspapers which speak in favor of America. And if they don't have such a
newspaper they say this is what they intend to do. Speaking here a few years ago,
three or four years ago, I said that some newspapers are a base for the enemy.
They are now exposing these facts themselves.
Today, they themselves reveal their plans against Iran. Our dear young people
must watch for the cultural onslaught planned by America. Their planned cultural
onslaught is to promote decadence and lack of respect for Islamic and moral
values. They plan to drag our young people into decadence, debauchery and
self-indulgence. Both our young people and the state officials who are
responsible for the education and training of the younger generation must be
vigilant against such plans. This is the arena of combating America today.
The struggle against America goes on in the arena of science too. They are
unhappy with our scientific progress. They are bothered by the scientific
progress of our people. They are unhappy with the economic advance of our
people. They are unhappy to see our government is offering a service to our
people. They are unhappy when we manage to resolve some of the problems facing
Anyone in this country who helps to keep our people backward in the
scientific field is serving the interests of America. Anyone who prevents the
government from offering the necessary services to the people is working at the
service of America. Anyone who publishes the Americans' ideas in newspapers or
expresses them in rhetoric platforms is serving the interests of America.
One way of serving America's interests is through spreading rumors and making
allegations. The same problem existed during the era of Imam Ali (AS). There
were daily instances of spreading rumors and making allegations. The same
psychological war exists today.
Anyone who contributes to the atmosphere of making calumny in this country
and fans the flames of psychological war is a mercenary of America and working
to serve America. It does not matter whether such mercenaries receive money from
America or offer services without any payment. They work for America whether
they are unpaid lackeys of America or not. (The masses chant: "Allahu
Akbar" and "death to America")
Islamic world hates US more than ever before
Today, fighting America is synonymous with resistance against this political
and cultural onslaught. You must all be aware. Those who have no ill-intentions
and ambitions, should be careful that they don't say things which are in line
with America's wishes for this nation and country, because of a short-lived
feeling or ambition. They must realize how this enemy is strengthened. They must
realize how America tries to give itself a free hand in the midst of this nation
and dominate it. We have to be aware of these matters.
Alhamdulillah, our nation is vigilant. America's experience has been that it
has not achieved anything by attacking this region. Of course, they are taking
and using Iraq's oil. And its not clear what they are doing with it. But,
unfortunately, this is the situation today.
They interfere in the various Iraqi affairs such as its constitution. They
are at the head of everything. However, the Iraqi people will inflict a blow on
them. The Iraqi people's hatred towards them is increasing day by day. As our
great Imam (Khomeini) said years ago - and its the same case today - today,
America is hated more than ever before in the Islamic World. The Islamic World
does not hate anyone as much as it hates the American president and the leader
of the Zionist regime. . .
||The following is a translation of the Arabic khutbah
of the Friday Prayer led by Ayatollah al-Udhma Sayyed Ali Hussaini
Khamenei, the Leader of the Islamic Revolution, on 19 Ramadan 1424 [14
In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the
Merciful. Peace be upon the sons and daughters of our Islamic ummah, men and
women everywhere. In these gracious days and special nights, the Middle East
region lives under the severity of aggression by the unjust, with its body
debilitated by wounds. Palestine is stained with blood and Iraq is under the
oppression of the enemies of Islam. The arrogant and unrestrained regime in
America doesn't hide its intentions and objectives in imposing its new control
over the region. It launches its threats very insolently. Those aggressors are
ready to destroy all the countries in the region to realize their illegitimate
objectives that are aimed at imposing their hegemony over the region and
rescuing the Zionist entity from collapse.
What they don't know is the increasing anger
of the people and their resentment of America. An example of the will of the
Islamic nation and its righteousness is what is gradually appearing to them in
Iraq. Anger, wrath and resistance are escalating against the occupation and
arrogance, and like the burning flames that blaze more everyday, it will
definitely stand up to the arrogant and stop them from achieving their cursed
The blessed intifada on the territories of the
blessed Palestine also shakes the Zionist entity and is a cause of fear and
horror to the arrogant who so insolently supports all the violent and harsh
crimes committed by this germ of destruction.
The Iraqi people must disperse the dreams of the enemy to
divide Iraq. They must persevere and persist with steadfastness, awareness and
in unison for the sake of independent Iraqi sovereignty, an end to the
occupation, and the establishment of a constitution supported by the public and
based on Islam. They have to make the occupiers give in to their will.
The Palestinians have debilitated the enemy in
front of their glorious Islamic resistance. They must strengthen their
confidence in Allah, draw their victory from Allah Almighty and continue with
determination their liberating resistance through their union and Islamic call,
until the enemy gives in to their just demands which are to end the occupation
and to give the oppressed Palestinian people the right to self determination.
Dear brothers and sisters, the last
Friday of the holy month of Ramadan will be the International Al-Quds Day, a day
during which Muslims all over the world are to express their support of the
Palestinian issue, their backing of the Palestinian people and their anger to
world Zionism and its arrogant protectors. Muslims must declare to the whole
world that the Palestinian cause is the cause of the whole of the Islamic world.
Muslims will not leave their brothers alone, but will raise their voices in the
face of world arrogance, criminal Zionism and will declare their wrath on those
I seize this opportunity to remind all
believers to invest the remaining days of the Holy month of Ramadan to help the
needy and to attempt to alleviate their suffering, as it is an essential Islamic
responsibility. I also urge myself and you to fear Allah Almighty and
the best way of doing that is through defiance and resistance against
conspiracies, schemes and raids in all forms from the satans, particularly the
greatest of the satans, America.
I ask Allah Almighty to protect Islam and
Muslims, and make Muslims victorious over their arrogant enemies. Allah Almighty
takes care of his good servants. Peace and blessing of Allah be upon you.